Deadly attack

KYIV, Ukraine (AP) — Waves of explosiv
es-laden suicide drones struck Ukraine’s capital Monday, setting buildings ablaze and tearing a hole in one of them. People scurried for shelter or tried to shoot down the kamikazes.

The concentrated use of the drones was the second barrage in as many weeks — after months in which air attacks had become a rarity in central Kyiv. The assault sowed terror and frayed nerves as blasts rocked the city. Energy facilities were struck and one drone largely collapsed a residential building, killing four people, authorities said.

Intense, sustained bursts of gunfire rang out as the Iranian-made Shahed drones buzzed overhead, apparently from soldiers trying to destroy them. Others headed for shelter, nervously scanning the skies. But Ukraine has become grimly accustomed to attacks nearly eight months into the Russian invasion, and city life resumed as rescuers picked through debris.

Previous Russian air strikes on Kyiv were mostly with missiles. Analysts believe the slower-moving Shahed drones can be programmed to accurately hit certain targets using GPS, unless the system fails.

Also Monday, a Russian Su-34 warplane crashed in a residential area in the Russian port of Yeysk on the Sea of Azov after an engine failure, killing at least three people on the ground, injuring 21 others, and starting a fire that engulfed several floors of a nine-storey apartment building, authorities said. Both crew members, on a training mission, bailed out safely, the Russian Defence Ministry said.

In Kyiv, Mayor Vitali Klitschko said Monday’s barrage came in successive waves of 28 drones — in what many fear could become a more common mode of attack as Russia seeks to avoid depleting its stockpiles of long-range precision missiles.

Five drones plunged into Kyiv itself, said Prime Minister Denys Shmyhal. In the Kyiv region at least 13 were shot down, all flying in from the south, said Yurii Ihnat, a spokesman for Ukraine’s air force.

One strike appeared to target the city’s heating network, hitting an operations centre. Another slammed into a four-storey residential building, ripping open a gaping hole and collapsing at least three apartments. Four bodies were recovered, including those of a woman who was six months pregnant and her husband, Klitschko said. An older woman and another man also were killed there.

An Associated Press photographer caught one of the drones on camera, its triangle-shaped wing and pointed warhead clearly visible against the blue sky.

“The whole night, and the whole morning, the enemy terrorises the civilian population,” Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said in a social media post. “Kamikaze drones and missiles are attacking all of Ukraine.

“The enemy can attack our cities but it won’t be able to break us,” he wrote.

Andrii Yermak, head of the presidential office, posted on social media that Shahed drones were used.

Zelenskyy, citing Ukrainian intelligence services, has alleged Russia ordered 2,400 drones from Iran. Russia has rebranded them as Geran-2 drones — “geranium” in Russian. A photo of debris from one of Monday’s strikes, posted by Klitschko, showed “Geran-2” marked on a mangled tail fin.

Iran has previously denied providing Russia with weapons, although its Revolutionary Guard chief has boasted of providing arms to the world’s top powers, without elaborating.

The drones pack an explosive charge and can linger over targets before nosediving into them. Their blasts jolted people awake, including Snizhana Kutrakova, 42, who lives near one of the areas struck.

“I’m full of rage,” she said. “Full of rage and hate.”

The Russian military said it used “long-range, air- and sea-based, high-precision weapons” to strike Ukrainian military and energy facilities. They hit “all assigned targets”, Defence Ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov said.

Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmytro Kuleba called for European Union sanctions on Iran for providing drones to Russia, and reiterated Ukraine’s need for air defences and ammunition.

EU foreign policy chief Josep Borrell said the 27-nation bloc is gathering evidence about Iran’s drone sales to Russia and if the allegations are true, “we will be ready to react with the tools at our disposal”. The EU also approved a military training programme in Europe for thousands of Ukrainian troops and plans for about 500 million euros (US$486 million) in extra funds to buy weapons for Ukraine.

Iranian-made drones have been used elsewhere in Ukraine in recent weeks against urban centres and infrastructure, including power stations. At just US$20,000 apiece, the Shahed is only a fraction of the cost of higher-tech missiles and conventional aircraft. The Kalibr cruise missile that Russia has used widely in Ukraine costs the military about US$1 million each.

Drone swarms also challenge Ukrainian air defences. Western nations have promised systems that can shoot down drones but much of that weaponry has yet to arrive and, in some cases, may be months away.

“The challenges are serious because the air defence forces and means are the same as they were at the beginning of the war,” said Ihnat, the air force spokesman. Some Western-supplied air defence weaponry can only be used during daylight hours when targets are visible, he added.

Russia forces also struck energy infrastructure elsewhere Monday, apparently seeking to compound pressure on Kyiv’s Government after previous attacks knocked out power supplies.

Shmyhal, the prime minister, said hundreds of settlements were without power after missile attacks in the Dnipropetrovsk and Sumy regions.

Ukraine’s nuclear operator said Russian shelling cut power again to the Zaporizhzhia Nuclear Power Plant, one of the most worrying flashpoints of the Russian invasion. The nuclear plant, Europe’s largest, needs power for critical safety systems. When shelling severs its power supply lines the plant is forced to rely on diesel generators — a stopgap.

Russian President Vladimir Putin had said Friday that there was no need for more widespread attacks against Ukraine after an earlier barrage of strikes that he said were retaliation for the bombing of a bridge connecting Ukraine’s Russian-occupied Crimean Peninsula with Russia.

However, Putin also said that seven of 29 targets designated after the bridge attack were not hit “the way the Defence Ministry had planned”, so Moscow’s forces would continue to target them. He didn’t elaborate.

After months during which strikes in central Kyiv were rare, last week’s attacks put the country and its capital back on edge.

Monday’s strike on Kyiv came amid intensified fighting in the eastern regions of Donetsk and Luhansk as well as a continued Ukrainian counteroffensive in the south near Kherson and Zaporizhzhia. Zelenskyy said Sunday there was heavy fighting around the cities of Bakhmut and Soledar in the Donetsk region.

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